The study of the ancient city is the hub around which research into classical society is organised. Towns were the political, social and economic epicentre of the Empire and each urbs became a small reflection of Rome in its territory of influence.

The town simultaneously represents complexity and diversity. Its analysis shows us the evolution and adaptation of human communities to their environment and circumstances. It is the record of our Mediterranean history and the agent that interacts with other communities to constitute a global sense of belonging.

The scientific research carried out at the ICAC reveals the diversity of content and material that each town contributes in its specific area. Town planning and public or private architecture –whether for leisure, worship or political representation– are the most visible components of this research, behind which lie the expression and hierarchisation of the established power. In this framework we include ancient art, epigraphy, funerary architecture, etc., and behind all that is the town as an exponent of the technological development in the field of architecture or in the traces of the urban facilities that were indispensable for a numerous and healthy human community.

Tarraco is the main example of this material and research situation, although we also know other dimensions of Roman towns such as Guissona, Llívia, Tortosa, Terrassa, etc. The specific study of these and their interaction with the territory reflect the diversity of patterns of intervention and management in a diverse land.

Consult the different associated projects: