On-going archaeological works in Bac de Puigpedrós (Pyrenees) provides early signs of pre-Roman presence in the site

Sondejos de diagnòstic al jaciment de Bac de Puigpedrós, Engorgs (Meranges), 2020. Foto: ICAC

The new GIAP archaeological campaign in the Pyrenees has started with archaeological survey and trial excavation tasks in new archaeological sites registered at headwaters of the Duran river and in Coll de Mulleres (Meranges, Cerdanya).

The research team wants thus to expand the number of known deposits and dated them, so they can work with more data on the history of high-mountain human occupation in this area of the Pyrenees.

Archaeological works will be carried out from July 22 and 31, under the direction of Josep Maria Palet, director of the ICAC, Lídia Colominas and Abel Gallego. There are also in the team Arnau Carbonell, Paloma Aliende and Valentina Pescini; students Jesús Martínez and Mariona Montes; and the volunteer François Ricou.

Preliminary results of the first trial excavations in Bac de Puigpedrós (Engorgs) provide early signs of pre-Roman presence in the site.

In the framework of the research project “Archaeology of cultural mountain landscapes in the headwaters of rivers Ter and Segre (Ripollès, Cerdanya)”summer 2019 the team made six diagnostic trial excavations in two archaeological sites: Duran I and Coll de Molleres I. The works yielded very interesting results, which show how this high mountain occupation in the Meranges area began in the Neolithic era and extended to the Modern era.

Romans in the Pyrenees, at 2,500 m? Summer excavation works in Meranges give us new evidence

Taking these results into account, the 2020 campaign seeks to obtain more data on the history of human occupation in Cerdanya, through surveys and trial excavations in new archaeological sites. It is important to expand the corpus of available information and provide new data for the study of an aspect as important as knowing the origin of the great transhumance in this sector of the Pyrenees and the territorial establishment of Iulia Libica (Llívia) regarding control and exploitation of high mountain areas.



New trial excavations will allow a better outline and to specify the scope and chronology of the areas previously studied, and thus guide future spots for future archaeological excavations. There are some available options, such as Duran II and Coll de Mulleres II. These are sites located very close to those that were excavated in 2019, and that would serve to better understand the occupation dynamics of the area where each of them is located. Archaeological works have also started in other sites, such as the Engorgs one, which would allow preliminary results about the area of Meranges.